The 1870 Federal Census for Providence Township, Lancaster Co., PA, District 170, page 174B, dated July 29, 1870 records Joseph (26 - PA) and Martha (24 - PA) Miller with children Henry (3) and John (9/12). Also in the household is Lydia Gochnauer (64 - PA) and next door is Isaac (39 - PA) and Susan (28 - PA) Miller and family. The previous page of this census records Benjamin (59 - PA) and Margaret (57 - PA) and their son William T. Gochnauer (36). Two doors down is George (23) and Lizzie A. (24) Miller and their daughter Annie M. (1/12).
Joseph married Martha Gochnauer. (Martha Gochnauer was born circa 1845 in Pennsylvania and died circa 1890 in Providence Township, Lancaster Co., PA.)